Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy
What exactly is PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) Therapy?
Platelet Rich Plasma, or PRP, is blood plasma with concentrated platelets and multiple growth factors. The concentrated platelets found in PRP contain huge reservoirs of bioactive proteins, including growth factors and signaling proteins that are vital to initiate and accelerate tissue repair and regeneration.
These bioactive proteins initiate connective tissue healing in tissues such as meniscus (knee) and rotator cuff tissue, bone and articular cartilage regeneration and repair, promote development of new blood vessels, and stimulate the wound healing process.
How does it work?
The PRP signaling proteins attract stem cells to repair the area of injury. PRP Therapy is a treatment option for various orthopedic injuries and condition, which have traditionally required surgery or other extensive treatments. PRP injections are being utilized in Orthopedics with increasing frequency and effectiveness.
What type of injuries does it help?
Injuries currently being treated with the PRP Therapy are arthritis of the hip, knee, shoulder, ankle and other joints. PRP therapy is also utilized for soft tissue injuries such as tendonitis, muscle sprains and tears, and various types of ligament injuries. These include common tendon injuries such as tennis and golfers’ elbow, Achilles tendonitis and knee tendonitis.
PRP is also used to treat various injuries and conditions affecting joint injuries. These include rotator cuff and meniscus injuries.
How is it done?
PRP is a very simple and effective procedure; a small amount of blood is taken from the patient’s arm. The blood is then placed in a centrifuge. The centrifuge spins and separates the platelets from the rest of the blood components.
Using the patient’s own blood, specifically prepared platelets are taken and re-injected into the affected area. These platelets release special growth factors that lead to tissue healing. By using the concentrated platelets, we increase the growth factors up to eight times, which promotes temporary relief and stops inflammation. PRP injections actually heal the area over a period of time. This can be done anywhere from one to three months.
How many treatments will I need?
Although every case is different, most patients need 3-5 treatments over a 3 month period.
Stem Cell Therapy
What is Stem Cell Therapy?
Valley Pain Centers Physicians use amnion allograft (tissue graft) in our Stem Cell Therapy. It contains natural factors, called growth factors, for site specific use to modulate inflammation, reduce scar tissue formation, and enhance healing. Growth factors are powerful agents that our bodies produce to signal cells to come to the target site, help the site to heal, and help your own cells regenerate the damaged tissue.
There have been 226 different growth factors, specialized cytokines and enzyme inhibitors identified in our amnion allograft therapy. All of the amniotic membrane tissue is donated by healthy consenting mothers undergoing scheduled Cesarean sections during normal, healthy childbirth. All tissue donors are tested for infectious diseases, similar to the testing done for blood donation. The amniotic membrane then undergoes a validated proprietary process to thoroughly cleanse and preserve the tissue.
How does Stem Cell Therapy Work?
Stem Cell Therapy takes advantage of the body’s ability to repair itself. With Valley Pain Centers Stem Cell Therapy, our Board Certified Physicians inject amnion allograft into the affected area. These growth factors stimulate the release of the body’s own stem cells and have anti-inflammatory properties, similar to corticosteroids.
While steroids provide a decrease of inflammation and pain, stem cells actually restore degenerated tissue while providing pain relief. The growth factors in our amnion allograft injections replace damaged cells in your body. Additionally, they contain hyaluronic acid, which lubricates joints and tendons, easing pain and helping to restore mobility.
Is Stem Cell Therapy right for Me?
Conservative treatments, including injection therapy and rest usually will help heal inflammation resulting from an injury. If additional treatment is needed, your doctor may recommend Stem Cell Therapy which contains naturally occurring agents for site specific use to modulate inflammation, reduce scar tissue formation and enhance healing. You also may choose Stem Cell Therapy if you’re seeking a non-steroidal option or if you’ve reached the limit of steroid injections. Talk to one of our Board Certified Physicians to find out if you’re a candidate.
How do I care for my treatment site & what happens after my treatment?
The treatment site might appear red and be tender to the touch. Your Valley Pain Centers Doctor will prescribe an alternating cooling and heating device to help increase blood flow and stimulate stem cell growth. Initially, the procedure may cause some localized soreness and discomfort, this may last 2-3 days. Your Doctor may also prescribe some rehabilitation exercises or recommend physical therapy and will schedule a follow up appointment approximately 4 weeks after treatment.
*Some fees may apply depending on insurance plan.
Bone Marrow Concentrate
What is Bone Marrow Concentrate?
Bone Marrow Concentrate (BMC) is utilized where there is damage, pain, and functional loss as a surgical alternative. BMC is similar to the ACP (Autologous Conditioned Plasma) therapy, except the treatment uses bone marrow withdrawn from one of your body's larger bones. The bone marrow is often taken from the pelvic bone but it can also be taken from the heel, the femur, or the humerus.
What is the process?
The area where the bone marrow is to be harvested is cleaned and numbed. Then, a specially designed bone marrow aspirate system is used to withdraw bone marrow. The marrow cells are then spun into concentrates containing nothing but your body's own bone marrow cells. The platelet-rich concentrate is then used by your doctor, sometimes in combination with a bone graft at the site of your orthopedic injury or diseased joint.
What are the benefits?
When BMC therapy is used, your body's healing processes are jump-started at the cellular level. Since your body's own cells are used for treatment, the risk of adverse reaction is minimal.