Joint pain can be caused by trauma, overuse or repetitive use, nerve compressions, and joint inflammation (arthritis). Joint pain can occur in any area of the body, including the joints in the back and neck. Joint pain commonly occurs in the shoulders, ankles, and knees. Infections and neuromuscular diseases and conditions can also cause or contribute to joint pain.
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common causes of joint pain. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that causes wear and tear on the slick surfaces of the joint and increases friction and inflammation inside the joint making movement more painful. As the wear and tear continue, mobility can be significantly affected and even simple, daily activities can cause significant pain.
The first step in diagnosing joint pain involves a thorough review of the symptoms and a physical examination of the joint, including passive and active exercises to identify the movements and motions that are causing pain. Diagnostic imaging can be helpful in some diagnoses, and a minimally-invasive procedure called arthroscopy can provide even more detailed information about the health of the joint. In this procedure, a tiny camera is inserted into the joint space through a very small incision. The camera sends images back to a computer monitor so the joint can be closely evaluated in real time.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is blood plasma that contains concentrated platelets and multiple growth factors. The bioactive proteins within the concentrated platelets and the growth factors initiate and accelerate tissue repair and regeneration. PRP Therapy is largely used for arthritis of the joints as well as various injuries and conditions affecting joint injuries. To learn more about PRP Therapy, please click here.
Valley Pain Centers uses amnion allograft (tissue graft) in their Stem Cell Therapy, which contains growth factors that modulate inflammation, reduce scar tissue formation, and enhance healing. Specifically, these growth factors stimulate the release of the body’s own stem cells and have anti-inflammatory properties. They also contain hyaluronic acid, which lubricates joints and tendons, easing pain and helping to restore mobility. To learn more about Stem Cell Therapy, click here.
While a few types of joint pain may require surgery to correct, most joint pain symptoms can be relieved with injections of anesthetics or other pain relievers combined with corticosteroids to relieve inflammation and swelling. Joint injections can also make other treatments like physical therapy more effective by improving pain-free range of motion, and they can also promote faster tissue healing by reducing inflammatory responses in the joint and the area surrounding it. Other treatment options include:
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